Climate modification biodiversity and ecosystem loss environmental sciences essay

Climate transformation is a problem that’s having a big affect in biodiversity and ecosystem loss, that is a problem that comes from decades and it is getting bigger and greater and unstoppable, climate transformation is having a big impact in some parts of the ecosystem, like arctic zones, oceans, and other areas of the ecosystem, but climate change is now by the human beings as "Global Warming".

Global Warming have a simple meaning, the weather is changing, the planet earth is starting to warm up, the habitats of some species will be changing this causes their extinction, the temperatures around the globe are increasing causing that the glacier-melt, the oceans level rise. The climate switch occurs because the boost of "greenhouse" gases that happen to be Carbon Dioxide (CO2), this gases will be produces by the individuals and globalization, the "greenhouse effect" is when the energy from sunlight drives the earth’s, In turn, the earth radiates energy back to space; Some atmospheric gases trap some of the outgoing energy, retaining heating somewhat like the cup panels of a greenhouse.

The Humans are the reason the biodiversity and the ecosystem can be loss, we are the ones that produces this gases, and we will be the only ones that may end the Global Warming, that is a problem with days gone by of the years is getting every time bigger and its own time to the humans stop this issue, a 39% of species around the globe all in danger of extinction, and the ecosystem in which the animals and we (Individuals), are leaving is in danger, the increase in temperatures within the last years, will be melting the poles, and raising the amount of the ocean, the effect of the rise of the heat, causes natural disaster, that affects the surroundings and killing various peoples, but this have many solutions.

Chapter 1: Why biodiversity is important? Why is crucial don’t lose it?

Biodiversity boosts ecosystem efficiency where each species, no matter how small, all have a significant role to play. For instance:

A larger quantity of plant species means a larger variety of crops

Greater species diversity ensures organic sustainability for all existence forms

Healthy ecosystems can better endure and recover from various disasters.

And therefore, while we dominate this planet, we still need to preserve the diversity in wildlife.

While there could possibly be "survival of the fittest" within a given species, each species depends upon the services supplied by other species to ensure survival. This is a type of cooperation predicated on mutual survival and can often be just what a "balanced ecosystem" identifies.

Chapter 2: Climate change effect on arctic an oceans biodiversity:

The link between environment change and biodiversity is definitely set up. Although throughout Earth’s history the climate has always modified with ecosystems and species coming and going, rapid climate change impacts ecosystems and species ability to adapt therefore biodiversity loss increases. The climate change have significantly more impact in some areas wants the arctic and the oceans. The Arctic, Antarctic and great latitudes have had the best rates of warming, and this trend is projected to continue, as the above-described Global Biodiversity Outlook 3 notes, In the Arctic, it isn’t just a reduction in the extent of sea ice, but its thickness and age. Less ice means less reflective surface meaning more rapid melting.

Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (2010) Global Biodiversity Outlook 3, May 2010

The level of floating ocean ice in the Arctic Ocean, as measured at its total annual minimum amount in September, showed a steady decline between 1980 and 2009 according to National Snow and Ice Info Center, graph compiled by Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (2010) Global Biodiversity Outlook 3, Can 2010. They are some species that need this sea ice like the polar bears.

Other problem is the increasing of sea acidification, Though it has gained less mainstream media attention the consequences of increasing greenhouse emissions, specifically skin tightening and, on the oceans may well be significant. Scientists are finding that on the one hand oceans have been able to absorb some of the excess CO2 released by human being activity. It has helped keep carefully the planet cooler than it otherwise could have been got these gases remained in the atmosphere. However, the additional CO2 being absorbed can be resulting in the acidification of the oceans: When CO2 reacts with drinking water it produces a fragile acid called carbonic acid, changing the ocean normal water chemistry. As the Global Biodiversity Outlook statement explains, the normal water is some 30% more acidic than pre-industrial occasions, depleting carbonate ions – the building blocks for many marine organisms.

In addition, "concentrations of carbonate ions are now lower than at any time during the last 800,000 years. The impacts on sea biological diversity and ecosystem performing is going to be severe, though the specific timing and distribution of these impacts are uncertain." (Find p. 58 of the report.)

This change how to write a conclusion for a research paper is also occurring rapidly, hence some marine life may not have the opportunity to adapt. Some marine creatures will be growing slimmer shells or skeletons, for instance. Some of these creatures play a crucial role in the food chain, and in ecosystem biodiversity.

Chapter 3: Human effect in biodiversity.

3.1 Substantial extinction.

For quite a long time , human actions has been creating massive extinctions, A major survey, released in March 2005 highlighted a considerable and largely irreversible reduction in the diversity of lifestyle on the planet, with some 10-30% of the mammal, bird and amphibian species threatened with extinction, because of human activities. The International Union for Conservation of Mother nature (IUCN), notes that many species will be threatened with extinction. In addition,

75% of genetic diversity of agricultural crops features been lost

75% of the world’s fisheries are fully or over exploited

Up to 70% of the world’s regarded species risk extinction if the global temperature ranges rise by a lot more than 3.5°C

1/3rd of reef-building corals around the world are threatened with extinction

Every second a parcel of rainforest the size of a football field disappears

Over 350 million persons suffer from serious water scarcity

Extinction risks out speed any conservation successes. Amphibians will be the most at risk, while corals experienced a dramatic increase in risk of extinction recently.

3.2 Declining ocean biodiversity:

In the past century, commercial whaling has decimated different whale populations, many of which have struggled to recuperate. Commercial whaling in past times was for whale essential oil. With no factor to use whale essential oil today, commercial whaling is mainly for food, since there is also some hunting for scientific research needs. Japan is the prime exemplory case of hunting whales for the stated goal of scientific research while a whole lot of skepticism says it really is for meals. Greenpeace and other businesses often release results that argue Japan’s whaling to be excessive or generally for food, other example is almost in japan the trap the white colored shark only for get his tail.

3.3 Loss of forest.

A 20-year review has proven that deforestation and launch of non-indigenous species has led to about 12.5% of the world’s plant species to be critically rare (An example may be the Amazon damage), A report from the Environment Commission on Forests and Sustainable Expansion shows that the forests of the world have been exploited to the point of crisis and that important alterations in global forest supervision strategies would be needed to steer clear of the devastation. There will be somes species that haven been discover, if this issue continues, the habitat of the species will be loss plus they would been extend.

Brazil, which is approximated to have around 55,000 species of flora, amounting for some 22% of the world’s total and India for instance, which has about 46,000 plus some 81,000 pet species (amounting to some 8% of the world’s biodiversity), are as well under numerous pressures, from corporate globalization, deforrestation, etc. So as well are a great many other biodiverse regions, such as for example Indonesia, elements of Africa, and different tropical regions.

Graphic 2. Comparing real area of Brazilian portion of the Amazon deforested every year between 1990 and 2009. Origin: Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (2010) Global Biodiversity Outlook 3, May 2010, p.33

The significant decline mentioned in the Brazilian Amazon isn’t enough to avoid the World Bank worrying about the future. The Global Biodiversity Outlook statement notes that "According to a recent study co-ordinated by the Globe Bank, 20% Amazon deforestation would be sufficient to result in significant dieback of forest in some elements of the biome by 2025, when coupled with other pressures such as climate change and forest fires."

Furthermore, a few of the reversals in deforestation is certainly because of reforestation, but the report raises the same concerns as also noted further below. Namely, "Since newly-planted forests frequently have low biodiversity value and could only include a solitary tree species, a slowing of net forest reduction does not always imply a slowing in the increased loss of global forest biodiversity. Between 2000 and 2010, the global extent of major forest (that is, substantially undisturbed) declined by more than 400,000 square km, an area larger than Zimbabwe."


The animals habitat are disappearing because human, nature give all to humans but humans under no circumstances gave him back, this is exactly why the biodiversity is usually disappearing, climate switch is altering all the habitat, the temp are raising, the pollution on is usually increasing each day, but the reason all of this is going on is because humans, the environment is increasing in a 100%, and the individuals don’t be mindful about the forest or the animals.

This would have an effect on the humans in another, an example may be the normal water, without forest, no normal water, and if humans don’t have water, it will be a several trouble, like conflicts by countries searching for water, this is the reason I take climate modification and biodiversity loose, Because this is a problem that affects humans all of the days.


Global Biodiversity Outlook 3, May 2010

Our choise, Al Gore, 2010

An Inconvenient Fact, Al Gore, 2006

Human Influence Triggers Massive Extinctions, ST. LOUIS, Missouri, August 2, 1999 (ENS)

Jaan Suurkula, World-wide cooperation necessary to prevent global crisis; Part one- the problem, Physicians and Scientists for In charge Application of Science and Technology, February 6, 2004 [Emphasis is unique]


Chapter 1: Why biodiversity is important? Why is important don’t lose it?……………PG3

Chapter2: Climate change impact on arctic an oceans biodiversity:………………PG3-5

Chapter3: Human impact in biodiversity……………………………. ……………PG5-9

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